Write an essay in which you explain how Eric Klinenberg builds an argument to persuade his audience that Americans need to greatly reduce their reliance on air-conditioning. In your essay, analyze how Klinenberg uses one or more of the features listed in the box above or features of your own choice to strengthen the logic and persuasiveness of his argument.
Be sure that your analysis focuses on the most relevant features of the passage. In his commentary, Eric Klinenberg conveys a strong stance against the rampant and short-sighted utilization of air conditioning AC nationwide. He believes AC is a massive unnecessary energy drain, and he implores the reader to reconsider the implications of constant cool comfort.
HVAC Consideration For Schools
To buttress his argument, Klinenberg deftly employs quantitative data, acknowledgment of counterarguments, and vivid language. In his introductory paragraph, the author points to AC usage statistics to illustrate the grave magnitude of our hedonistic climate control. Clearly, in the past 20 years, the American population has come nowhere close to doubling - and yet, AC energy use has doubled.
This can only mean utilization per person has skyrocketed. This leads to another profound inference - each American may use almost 10 times more AC energy as the average non-American. These conclusions are grave and thought-provoking.
By introducing incontrovertible data, Klinenberg empowers the reader to reason though her own arguments and formulate her own conclusions. By the virtue of her own logic, the reader is compelled to agree with Klinenberg. Quickly after this data-driven introduction, Klinenberg effectively addresses potential counterarguments to his thesis. Instead, Klinenberg quells the most common objection with a swift riposte, stressing that he is not a maniacal anti-AC militant, intent on dismantling the AC-industrial complex.
With this addressed, the reader can continue further, satisfied that Klinenberg is likely to be somewhat well-reasoned and objective. Ultimately, this facilitates acceptance of his central thesis. When he returns to his rebuke of wanton AC use, Klinenberg employs forceful vivid language to magnify his message.
Most likely, the reader has been the beneficiary of AC use. We are forced to consider our comfortable abode as a frigid arctic dwelling, prompting the natural question of whether we really do need our hones cold enough to see our breath indoors. The natural conclusion, in turn, is that we do not. By employing effective visual imagery, Klinenberg takes the reader through another internal dialogue, resulting in stronger acceptance of his message. Overall, the passage effectively weaves quantitative data, acknowledgment of counterarguments, and vivid language to rebuke the excesses of air conditioning.
The reader leaves with the strong conclusion that perhaps a bit of moderation can do the world some good. Attribute Value Ideal Final score: 5. Sentence Length: Final score: 5.
Additional Comments: Your essay was written extremely good and fulfill the understanding of the required prompt. You can work a bit on using different words or synonyms in your writing to decrease the amount of word choice errors.Courseworks software inc stock exchange
Overall, you did a fantastic performance! Write an essay in which you explain how Eric Klinenberg builds an argument to persuade his audience that Americans need to greatly reduce their reliance on air conditioning In your essay analyze how Klinenberg uses one or more of the features listed in th Essay topics:.
Average: 8. Essay Categories. More about this topicEvery school is different, so there is no one HVAC solution for all schools. A well-designed HVAC system maintains space temperature and humidity conditions, as well as minimum outdoor air amounts, economically and efficiently.
The key is knowing how to balance all the elements of the equation.Essay on prokaryotes in ecology
Zone requirements are particularly important for schools. Each school has several different zones, each with specific needs for heating, cooling and ventilating. Classrooms generally have high ventilation requirements, three times that of an office, but only when occupied.
Dedicated classrooms, such as science and computer areas, require extra cooling or ventilation. Administrative areas require lower heating and cooling, but are occupied over longer hours.
Cafeterias need special ventilation for food preparation, and gymnasiums, occupied during the day and evening, have a range of load requirements and scheduling demands. A variety of types of equipment and configurations are available to meet the requirements for schools. The advantage of a decentralized system is that it can provide cooling to one space and heating to another.
Scheduling can be zone specific to allow for increased operating cost savings. Ideal for new or existing buildings, decentralized systems are easy to service and can rival the most advanced built-up systems for energy efficiency. A disadvantage is that the equipment resides in or near occupied spaces, so maintenance needs to be scheduled when the affected zone is not occupied.
Unit ventilators. These unit ventilators have kept pace with HVAC technology and now include sophisticated controls and enhanced design to make them quiet, energy efficient and cost-effective.
Their sturdy, flexible construction allows them to withstand years of classroom activity. In general, unit ventilators can provide cooling, heating and fresh air, and can be positioned on a classroom wall or ceiling. Water-source heat pumps. Versatility makes water-source heat pumps a good choice for medium and large schools, schools with large internal zones and retrofit applications.
Rather than rely on a central chiller plant for cooling, heat pumps move energy around the school in water rather than air by adding and subtracting energy from a common loop. Because of the loop system, heat collected from cooled zones can heat zones that require heating.
Unlike unit ventilators, they require outdoor air systems to bring in enough fresh air to meet ventilation requirements. Fan coils. Like water-source heat pumps, fan coils distribute energy through piping rather than ductwork. Fan coils require a chiller and boiler plant, as well as a dedicated outside air system.
Because they do not require compressors, fan coils are quiet. Outdoor air ventilation systems.On every SAT Essay, you'll have to read an argument meant to persuade a broad audience and discuss how well the author argues his or her point. The passage you'll have to read will change from test to test, but you'll always need to analyze the author's argument and write a coherent and organized essay explaining this analysis. This is the most comprehensive set of new SAT essay prompts online today.
At the end of this article, we'll also guide you through how to get the most out of these prompts and link to our expert resources on acing the SAT essay.
I'll discuss how the SAT essay prompts are valuable not just because they give you a chance to write a practice essay, but because of what they reveal about the essay task itself. SAT essay prompts always keep to the same basic format. Not only is the prompt format consistent from test to test, but what you're actually asked to do discuss how an author builds an argument also remains the same across different test administrations. The College Board's predictability with SAT essay helps students focus on preparing for the actual analytical task, rather than having to think up stuff on their feet.
Every time, before the passage, you'll see the following:. In your essay, analyze how [the author] uses one or more of the features listed in the box above or features of your own choice to strengthen the logic and persuasiveness of his argument. Be sure that your analysis focuses on the most relevant features of the passage. The College Board has released a limited number of prompts to help students prep for the essay.
We've gathered them for you here, all in one place. SPOILER ALERT : Since these are the only essay prompts that have been released so far, you may want to be cautious about spoiling them for yourself, particularly if you are planning on taking practice tests under real conditions. This is why I've organized the prompts by the 10 that are in the practice tests so you can avoid them if need bethe ones that are available online as sample prompts, and the ones that are in the text of the Official SAT Study Guide Redesigned SATall online for free.
Practice Test 1 :. Practice Test 2 :. Practice Test 3 :.IELTS India Band 9 Speaking - Perfect Score! with Subtitles
Practice Test 4 :. Practice Test 5 :. Practice Test 6 :. Practice Test 7 :.Cross channel marketing fidelity insurance careers
Practice Test 8 :. Practice Test 9 :. Practice Test 10 :. Special note: The prompt for Practice Test 4 also appears on the College Board's site with real sample essays written in response. If you've written a practice essay for practice test 4 and want to see what essays of different score levels look like for that particular prompt, you can go there and look at eight real student essays.Also how people trying to answer the tests might say one thing because they think that the employers want them to, such as unique or orderly, or might say the other thing for the same reason.
You could answer a question one way depending on your mood, or your culture. The author says that the tests are like a sorting hat.
The response indicates that the student absorbed the main idea and some details of the text. The writing includes clear and coherent topic sentences and a variety of sentence structures.Best content editing sites for school
The student can raise his or her writing score by learning more vocabulary to sum up and discuss texts. Finally, the student should budget a few minutes at the end of the test session to check for sentence fragments and spelling errors. She does so by using rhetorical devices such as allusion, parody, and irony, to express her concerns that the tests are random and unfair.
Once establishing an emotional conflict for the reader, Ms. Heckman questions the concept of personality tests for serious purposes. She uses parody when she compares the supposedly scientific personality assessments to the kinds of fun quizzes that are online and in magazines, adding exclamation points for fake excitement.
The author draws on common, everyday experiences that most people do not take seriously in order to persuade readers that they should not take the personality assessments seriously, either. This attitude only grows when the author points out that the assessments try to determine how honest someone is but ask questions that are impossible to answer honestly. The author has waited to the end of the passage to report how public and private funds are supporting the personality-assessment industry.
The author has already persuaded the reader on a personal level, but now the significance of the issue becomes clear. The reader may now agree with the author that the tests are not only useless and unfair, but in addition, a wasteful expense.
Evaluation Reading: 4. The response demonstrates that the student has an excellent understanding of the passage. The student uses quotations and paraphrases throughout, discussing what the author is claiming and how it connects to other information.
The response comprises an insightful analysis of the passage. Overall, the student accomplished a thorough analysis. The student makes good use of transitional phrases to express connections between ideas fluidly i.
The response is well organized: the student discusses the strategies outlined in paragraph 1 in the body. In the passage of Gerdisch he claims that the depiction towards extraterrestrial are poorly and vaguely done. Through the use of rhetorical devices and diction he expresses a desire to change science fiction idea and image towards these aliens, by using examples of movies the audience could relate too.
Questioning has been a part of science and Gerdisch in passage questions about this exotic beings. Gerdisch asks this question to bring his audience into a focus to drive their mind into common image of an alien, which could most likely be wrong depiction.Ranch girl arguing from experience
However, its what the people see through the media.SAT Essay. Just as with most essays, the major secret to excelling on the SAT essay is to pre-plan the examples and evidence you want to use. The answer: Yes and no. By assembling a collection of these reliable types of evidence that can be used to answer most prompts, you'll cut down on planning time and significantly increase the amount you can write, making you able to walk into every SAT essay confident in your abilities. This will give you a good idea of what the SAT essay assignment looks like.
Then come back to this article. However, if you struggle with analysis in a short period of time, memorizing these categories of examples ahead of time can give you a helpful checklist to go through when reading the SAT essay prompt and point you in the right direction.
For each example below, we also show you how you can use the type of evidence to support your thesis across a range of prompts.
Eric Klinenberg's Argument: Air Conditioning
This flexibility should prove to you how effective pre-planned examples are. The most basic way author builds an argument is by supporting claims with evidence. These two types of evidence are Facts and Statistics and Anecdotes. Employing statistics and facts to bolster one's argument is one of the most unassailable methods authors can use to build an argument. This argument-building technique is particularly common in essays written about scientific or social studies-related topics, where specific data and facts are readily available.
Statistics usually show up in the form of specific numbers related to the topic at hand —maybe as percents, or maybe as a way to communicate other data. Example : 8 of 10 children born in the United States will never know a sky dark enough for the Milky Way.
Factual evidence can also be in the form of non-numerical information. Often, you'll see facts presented with references to the research study, survey, expert, or other source from which they're drawn.
Here's another example from "Let There Be Dark":. Example : Already the World Health Organization classifies working the night shift as a probable human carcinogen[. By presenting information and facts, rather than just opinion and spin, Bogard empowers the reader to connect the dots on her own, which in turn gives the reader ownership over the argument and makes it more persuasive since the reader is coming to the same conclusions on her own, rather than entirely relying on Bogard to tell her what to think.
Another form of evidence that is often used as an alternative to actual facts or statistics is the anecdote. This type of evidence is most often found in speeches or other sorts of essay prompts that are written as a personal address to the reader. An anecdote is a short story about a real person or event. When an author discusses own personal experience or personal experience of someone they know or have heard of, that's anecdotal evidence.Sign in Sign up.
Jul 27th, Not a member of Pastebin yet? Sign Upit unlocks many cool features! The author begins his argument by acknowledging the fact that air-conditioning has its benefits. He concedes the point that used conservatively air conditioners generate enough benefit to balance the damage that they may cause. By considering opposing arguments the author gives his readers the impression that he takes the topic very seriously and has put lots of time in researching.
This means that the likelihood of the reader trusting the author increases. Acknowledging counter arguments also shows that the reader is well-handed; that is, he takes multiple perspectives into account and is less likely to shut out a good argument even if it is against his own.
Both of these effects serve to increases the trust between the author and writer, which in turn makes persuading a lot easier.
Due to this, a barrier shows up between the reader and the author that largely inhibits persuasion. Through the use of humor, the author shows the reader that he is kind and humorous individual. This as a whole lets the author break through the barrier and increases the likelihood of the reader being persuaded.
No matter how much people may deny it, at the end of the day people will believe in things that they want to believe. This usually means that people tend to be more agreeable to ideas that will benefit them or their loved ones.
Through acknowledging counter arguments the author shows the reader that he is someone to be trusted. Through using humor, the author gets rid of the barrier that the reader inevitably has put up.
OK, I Understand.Post a Comment. Home Equipment Production Quality Assurance. Site Acceptance Test SAT Site acceptance test is an useful tool to determine the functionality of the equipment at the user site before its installation.
Site Acceptance Test can determine whether or not systems are meeting the desired and required specifications. The main purpose of site acceptance testing is to give an overall evaluation of a system's compliance and to ensure this compliance meets the requirements of the business involved.
Site acceptance testing can be useful in relation to criteria testing for optimum results of systems. Site acceptance tests are related to factory acceptance tests, in that they work by inspection and dynamic forms of testing to system components. The SAT site acceptance tests are written by the client themselves and this verifies the functionality of the equipment being tested.
They are also, as their title suggests, tested on site. The test will show whether the equipment meets, does not meet, or exceeds the expectation of performance. Pin it. Ankur Choudhary is India's first professional pharmaceutical blogger, author and founder of Pharmaceutical Guidelines, a widely-read pharmaceutical blog since Sign-up for the free email updates for your daily dose of pharmaceutical tips. Visitors are also reading:. You can ask questions related to this post here.
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